Thermonuclear theory of society
Physical-mathematical theory of free competition
GENESIS 6:5 When the LORD saw how great the wickedness of human beings was on earth, and how every desire that their heart conceived was always nothing but evil, the LORD regretted making human beings on the earth, and his heart was grieved.
The theory of ideals provides a quantitative mathematical model of a human being. Having the description of individual behavior, we can ask, "How will such devices interact with each other?" The answer may be obtained purely theoretically. The results turn out to be rather scary and unfortunately it is confirmed by reality. Human history was written by blood and the end is not visible.
Biophysics of individual human behavior
The human brain is a multiparametric regulator. Its parameters are called needs and form a hierarchy. At the lowest level, there is just one need - biological survival. It is ensured by a few inborn biological needs such as thirst, hunger, thermoregulation, etc. These two levels constitute primary needs. The third level of the hierarchy contains so-called acquired or secondary needs, for example - social norms. The regulatory system for this level extends beyond the body and may have a very far reach. Also the number of secondary parameters may be very large. In fact, they form a sort of continuous cloud like Psi-function used by Schrodinger for electrons rotating around an atomic nucleus. It also may be used for organizations. For example, we can draw a probability distribution for products of a definite company in various cities of some country. In biological and social terms, this cloud is a sphere of personal interests. When 2 persons approach each other in real or virtual space of interests, their Psi-functions begin to interact.
We will consider 2 main types of interaction. The first is one-off reactions. They may spread over social chains and return to the person which launched the first action. The overall picture is similar to neutrons which are emitted in a nuclear reactor. In molecular thermodynamics, the temperature is linked to the intensity of processes, that is to speed of movements or frequency of events. So if the social activity is high, we may talk about the high temperature.
The second type corresponds to chemical reactions when 2 or more individual atoms join together. In our case it will lead to the creation of social structures. Such groups may be a union of equal peers or a hierarchy based on master-slave relations. In the second case, one man becomes an instrument of another, is incorporated into his regulatory system. It is necessary to understand that this linkage is not static. Each individual continues to live his own life with everyday activity, but this activity is restricted by social relations.
An important concept is the level of living standards. It has a universal quantitative definition. The set of secondary needs determines the satisfaction of primary needs and hence - the probability of survival. Likewise, various actions and interactions may be reduced to a few basic concepts which have universal value. For example, there are uncountable particular interactions between 2 men, but all of them may be regarded as helpful or harmful. This is not symmetrical. What is good for one may be bad for another. As a result, we can draw a generalized picture of what happens in human society and predict where it moves.
Processes in human society are rather similar to what happens in matter during nuclear reactions. In the second case, the key value is the internal energy of the resulting atom. The lower it is, the more sustainable this element will be. This hints how we should define the internal energy of a human collective. A sustainable group has low energy because it has no internal tensions. Hence, no reasons to fall apart. An unsustainable group has internal tensions and high potential energy which may be converted into kinetic energy of movements during disintegration.
By analogy with physics, fusion happens when individuals unite in a family or a small work collective. In contrast, the creation of a large corporation is risky because it has larger internal energy per employee so is prone to fission. Like for high-temperature plasma, human society has high volatility and we can use this analogy so as to predict general patterns of social processes on the basis of known physical prototypes.
Physical constructs exist in 2 possible modes - a stable reaction which is highly dynamical inside, but rather constant on the macroscopic level, and quick exponential expansion and destruction. It is known that nuclear fission may be created in both variants, but thermonuclear fusion - only in the second. Stable fusion is a very difficult task primarily because there are no such materials which could contain it.
This is perfectly reproduced in human society. Large corporations are very stable constructs when they are managed properly. On the other hand, a country with active population (high temperature) consisting only of households and small businesses will have permanent conflicts with the government and often break the framework within which it exists.
Microstructure of human society
Now let's look how all this is implemented in details. Each living organism is a system of flow equilibrium. That is, it permanently loses matter and energy and needs to restore them. This is the reason of consumption. When consumption is insufficient, the state of this organism slowly deteriorates. Accordingly, it is possible to introduce the concept of the level of living standards. This value is reverse to the value of energy in physics. A physical system seeks for a state with the minimal potential energy. A human being seeks for the maximal level of living standards.
Now let's proceed to interaction. In general, 2 variants are possible - attraction and aversion or repulsion. In the first case, the living standard of coupled people is higher than in individual existence. In the second it is lower. These may be mixed. For example, aggression is often a consumption (in some sense) of one person by another. In this case we have attraction from one side and aversion from another.
Collectives created as a result of interaction also may be different. Participants may have the same status, that is may be peers, or they may be linked by master-slave relations. In any case, each individual is represented by his Psi-function and those functions interact with each other. 3 different types of society are possible. They correspond to the 3 different phases of matter: gas, liquid, and solid-state. 1. A primitive unstructured socium in which individuals aren't linked to each other, randomly move and collide with each other time by time. 2. Competitive society. In this case, an individual retains a substantial degree of freedom like in a socium of 1 type, but nevertheless social structures also exist. 3. Cooperative society. This is a stable structure similar to a crystal in non-living nature. Each person has a definite role and participates in collective life. The first type existed in the very distant past of the non-civilized era. We won't consider it here. Let's concentrate on the last 2.
This may seem as utopia, a harmonic socium where all work together and help each other to achieve common well-being. Unfortunately, the historic reality is such that this type was indeed established in the final stage of the ancient world, but it was based on forced subordination. Accordingly, all benefits of this principle were devalued by using of slavery. The possibility of volunteered cooperation remains open.
This type stands in the middle of the classification so must be the most widespread de-facto. Let's consider what happens inside. Competitive society is an intermediate state between non-civilization and a complete model of civilization. As such, it is intrinsically unstable, always tends to slip either into chaos (recall Greek Dark Ages) or under tough control like Romans which first liberated themselves from the king's power, but finally ended up with dictatorship, then with the full-scale emperor. Details of competitive society show how civilization is formed and what drives historical development. As the name suggests, there is struggle between various tendencies. These may be 2 enterprises which compete for the right to provide the same service, between 2 alternative services, or in the simplest case - between 2 individuals. The last case shows that social structures grow out of personal ambitions. Suppose an individual is stronger than others in the sense that he can outcompete them. Then, he can subdue them and thus multiply his personal abilities manyfold. When he disappears, this social structure continues to live without him. It may interact with other similar structures like individuals interact with each other. This results in unions or wars. Another type of interaction happens inside the same society. That founder could not subdue all. Some retained independence and went into opposition. Later this opposition can stage a revolt and capture power. Such an opportunity also exists during elections. As a result, the society may permanently exist in the transient state. This is not complete chaos, but a definite structure can't establish itself too.
The theory shows that each nation is a complete social organism which passes different stages in its development. It starts from an unstructured socium, then turns into competitive society and tries various structures which compete with each other. Finally, the structure reaches some optimum, the nation comes to rest and exists in the stable state. Meanwhile this ideal scheme may be rarely encountered in practice. The initial conditions are often the ruins of a previous civilization which already bear some structures. On the other hand, nations usually can't reach even moderate goals. Even if the third stage is reached, world development requires some correctives and it returns to competitive state again.
This fact led to the widespread opinion that competition is useful. Some even adopted the stance that competition is a panacea, remedy from all woes. If your country is in trouble, allow unlimited competition and all problems will be resolved by themselves. In my opinion, that's wrong. Self-regulation was perfectly studied in cybernetics and it is well known that in some cases it may easily slip into self-destruction. It is competition that creates a precondition for the disaster. The mechanism is clearly visible. In harsh conditions, competition quickly becomes fight for survival. In the best case, one competitor will perish. In the worst, both have approximately equal strength and the struggle ends up in mutual annihilation. A bright historical example is the multi-century struggle between Rome and Persia. In fact, competition is a source for most sins of mankind. The church knows this very well. Wars, revolutions, conspiracy, genocide - all this is extreme cases of competition.
On the other hand, trials to prohibit competition will stop all economical and even social activity. Instead of praying on competition, it should be considered as inevitable evil. Any development will start competition, but instead of aggravating, try to avoid it where possible and compensate its consequences when it is unavoidable.
One efficient solution against devastating effects of competition is the guaranteed minimum of living standards. In planned economy, the government tried to command all economic activity in details. This was proved to be difficult and inefficient. In market system, each enterprise must plan activity itself, but the market is unpredictable. Time by time, conditions drop below the acceptable minimum and production becomes unprofitable even for the best producers. This is known as the erratic bottom line. What are solutions for such circumstances? The firm has some financial resources and can continue to work with losses for a while. Nevertheless sooner or later it will be forced to reduce its personnel. What should the fired workers do? They have their own resources and can spend them for some time, but what's next? If they find another job, they are lucky, but you see - it is risky. If the government takes care of people in such situations or if it excludes such situations in principle by some means, this will reduce social tensions, encourage people to take more risk and get better achievements. Giving away free money is not just additional spending. People will buy goods and services so it will stimulate production, and this money will eventually return back to the government. This measure just maintains rotation of the wheel of money circulation, doesn't let it stop because of friction.
Thermonuclear theory of competition
The ultimate goal of individual behavior is the satisfaction of individual needs. Even in social systems with strong collectivism, the government can't know what a person needs in every particular minute. So all attempts to turn people into obedient servants of the society as a whole fail because such people can't care of themselves. Meanwhile the opposite extreme of free competition turns out to be even worse. Needs of every human form a hierarchy: survival - primary (inborn) needs - secondary (acquired) needs. Other persons fall into 3 categories: indifferent (zero interest), objects of needs (may be used for satisfaction), competitors which claim the same object or even this person himself. If we put the first category aside into the background, an interesting picture remains. Individuals in the competitive society try to consume each other. This is not the same that in wild nature where all living beings divide into predators and their prey. Here, any individual may fall into either of 2 categories in accord with his luck. Moreover, roles may change throughout his life and may be stacked. The same person may be a predator for one and a prey for another. Formation of social structures is a simple biophysical process. Each individual must perform some actions so as to maintain his existence. These actions require spending of some resources so we have a tantalizing problem: don't move and slowly die from exhaustion or boost activity and quickly lose resources. The solution was known to mankind since ancient times: force another person to work for yourself. In this case the slave spends while the master receives without spending. The wealth of the slave owner grows so he can enslave more people. Later he can forget about primary needs and devote himself to science and art. That's how civilization emerged.
The problem of this social structure is that it was built on very unreliable foundation. Slaves have no motivation to work, but instead seek every opportunity for revolt. On the other hand, hard labour without compensation exhausts them so they work worse and worse. The situation is aggravated by active measures. In order to keep power, the slave owner suppresses his servants and exhausts them even more. Such problems stimulated the historical development of the social structure. In the Middle Ages, slave-owning was replaced by the feudal system. Servants became formally free, but the land belonged to the landlord so he retained full control and again could force others to work for himself. After the Renaissance, capitalism arrived and with it - the power of money. Now formally people were free, the land belonged to all, but what is about that ancient idea? It didn't disappear. More money - more power. People began to sell themselves into slavery for money. Formally, employees are paid, that is receive compensation, but this is less than the share of the employer so this is not an equal partnership. Also conditions are very flexible and competition begins to thrive in new forms. Money is a precise quantitative measure of everything so people know exactly where they are losing and where - winning. The struggle now revolves around how much everyone receives. The structure of the market economy is as follows. Civilization creates a totally artificial world. Wild nature disappears so the only source of consumption is production. The whole economy is a 2-phase process. In the first stage people produce something and bring this to the market. Sell it and receive money. Then go to the same market already as consumers. Money manipulation becomes the main form of competition.
Copyright (c) I. Volkov, February 13, 2020